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咖啡品種介紹

 咖啡品種比較
 
 
 
 
Arabica
Robusta
Date species described
1753
1895
Chromosomes (2n)
44
22
Time from flower to ripe cherry
9 months
10-11 months
Flowering
after rain
irregular
Ripe cherries
fall
stay
Yield (kg beans/ha)
1500-3000
2300-4000
Root system
deep
shallow
Optimum temperature (yearly average)
15-24° C
24-30° C
Optimal rainfall
1500-2000 mm
2000-3000 mm
Growth optimum
1000-2000 m
0-700 m
Hemileia vastatrix 銹病
susceptible
resistant
Koleroga (真菌性病害)
susceptible
tolerant
Nematodes
susceptible
resistant
Tracheomycosis (真菌性病害)
resistant
susceptible
Coffee berry disease
susceptible
resistant
Caffeine content of beans
0.8-1.4%
1.7-4.0%
Shape of bean
flat
oval
Typical brew characteristics
acidity
bitterness, full
body
average 1.2%
average 2.0%